Turabian Style Bibliography Website Apa

Citing a general website article

Note:Website citations are often left out of the bibliography and are instead mentioned in a note or within the text. If your instructor would like a formal citation, use the format below. Include a URL and a publication date or date of last revision; if either of those dates cannot be found, include an accessed date. 

Note:Capitalization rules depend on the website you are citing. Titles of websites are generally set in roman without quotation marks and capitalized in title case. In a small departure from the 16th edition, CMOS 17 specifies that if the website has a print counterpart (such as the websites for newspapers and other publications), then it should be in italics. If it does not, then it should be treated normally. See the examples below:

The website of the Washington Post = Washington Post 
Wikipedia’s entry on the American Revolution Wikipedia


Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Website Title. Month Date, Year of publication. Publication/Updated Month Date, Year OR Accessed Month Date, Year of access. URL.


Note: If there is a “Last modified on” date, include that if the publication date cannot be found.


Limer, Eric. “Heck Yes! The First Free Wireless Plan is Finally Here.” Gizmodo. October 1, 2013. http://gizmodo.com/heck-yes-the-first-free-wireless-plan-is-finally-here-1429566597

Shevchenko, Olga. “Remembering Life in the Soviet Union, One Family Photo at a Time.” The New York Times. December 27, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/27/opinion/sunday/-soviet-union-one-photos.html?action=click&pgtype=Homepage&version=Moth-Visible&moduleDetail=inside-nyt-region-1&module=inside-nyt-region&region=inside-nyt-region&WT.nav=inside-nyt-region

What are Turabian citations?

Turabian citation is a system used by academics to show where another author’s finding or theory has contributed to their work. It is a simplified version of the Chicago referencing style and is named after Kate Turabian from the University of Chicago who wrote the style manual. Turabian style 8th edition is the latest available version and was originally intended for in-class assignments rather than for publications.

The system works by showing the reader where the author has used a finding or theory from another source and author. This adds credibility to the paper and gives deserved credit to the original author.

How to create Turabian citations

When citing sources you can use one of two different Turabian formats. The first is the Notes-Bibliography style, where a note is shown at the bottom of the page where the source has contributed and the full Turabian bibliography is given at the end of the paper.

The second is the Author-Date style, where a citation is shown within the sentence where the source is referenced and a full reference is listed at the end of the paper. Whichever style you choose; make sure you are consistent throughout your paper.

The format of both types of Turabian references should change depending on the source type. For example, a book should be referenced differently to a website or journal article.

A lot to think about? You can generate your Turabian citations and references using Cite This For Me’s Turabian citations generator. Simply search for the book, journal or website you want to reference, set it to the correct style and have all of your Turabian citations generated automatically for you.

Turabian citation examples


In-text citation example

(Cottrell 2013)

Bibliography example

Cottrell, Stella. 2013. The Study Skills Handbook. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.


Footnote citation example

Stella Cottrell, The Study Skills Handbook (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

Bibliography example

Cottrell, Stella. The Study Skills Handbook. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

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